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European Civil Law (ECL)

The ECL internet site has been created to provide online free information on the principles of European Civil Law and the rules of private international law of the European Communities.

The various Regulations, playing an important role within the private international law of the EU Member States, are commented. Where appropriate, we have inserted the most important decisions of the European Court of Justice in our comment, with direct links to the full content of the Court's decision and, as far as possible, to the accompanying opinion of the Advocate-General. The following icons mean:

reference to further commentary on the issue
reference to relevant case law*)
reference to the opinion of the Advocate-General*)

*) In order to return to the previous page you have visited on this website, sometimes you have to use the right button of your mouse and click on 'Previous'.

The information on this Internet site may be used freely, but with due observance of all intellectual property and other rights of ECL and third parties. Reproduction or publication of all or part of the content of this website for other than personal use is prohibited. By accessing this website or by using its information the reader/user automatically accepts all ECL's terms and conditions for use. ECL is not liable in any way for any damage resulting from the use of information on or made available through this website. Disputes in respect thereof are subject to the law of the Netherlands and will be decided only by the competent court in the Netherlands to the exclusion of any other court or way of settling legal or other disputes.

Please, feel free to ask any questions, preferably by e-mail, or to call attention to possible errors in the content of this Internet site or to changes of laws or statutes that could affect its accuracy. This enables us to improve this Internet site, bit by bit, and to keep it up-to-date.